•Japanese cell biologist Yoshinori Ohsumi (71-year) has received the 2016 Noble Prize in Medicine for his discoveries on how cells recycle their content, a process known as autophagy.
•Three researchers share 2016 Nobel prize in physics
i. The Nobel Prize in Physics for 2016 has been awarded to British Trio scientists - David J Thouless, who receives half the prize, and Duncan M. Haldane and J. Michael Kosterlitz, who share the other half.
ii. The three physicists discovered a mathematical framework in the field of topography, to explain unexpected properties of solid materials.
•Tiny machines win chemistry Nobel prize
=> The Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2016 has been awarded to Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa for developing the molecular machine.
=> The three scientists will equally share the prize of 8 million Swedish kronor, or about $930,000.
•Nobel Peace Prize for Colombia's Juan Manuel Santos.
i. Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end the 52-year conflict with left-wing rebels.
ii. The Nobel committee in Norway praised him for his peace agreement with FARC rebels, signed last month after four years of negotiations.
•Oliver Hart (British-born) and Bengt Holmstrom (Finland) have won the 'Sveriges Riksbank Prize' (Nobel Memorial Prize) in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel' for their contributions to contract theory, shedding light on how contracts help people deal with conflicting interests.